This article compares the racial and gender diversity in orthopaedic surgery to that in other fields. While 49% of medical school graduates are female, only 12.4% of orthopaedic surgery residents are female. On the other hand, 30.7% of general surgery residents are female. Neurosurgery was the only specialty with a lower percentage of female residents. The article also compares percentages of female faculty, full professors, and leaders. While other surgical subspecialties have a much lower percentage of female faculty members than overall percentage of female surgeons, orthopaedic surgery actually has equal percentages of female surgeons and faculty members meaning that women are entering academic medicine at the same rate they enter the field.